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Yukari Matsumoto
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De Linde van Sambeek, 2012 -

This is an ongoing project of cultural research about symbolized tree in the histories.

"De Linde van Sambeek" is a lime tree located in the municipality of Boxmeer, a town called Sambeek.
It is often called the oldest tree in The Netherlands, but perhaps it is just the oldest lime tree in the Netherlands. No one cannot say with certainty how old, because it is difficult to count the annual rings as it is a hollow tree. It used to be considered as 1000 years old, but according to recent scientific researches, the age is more likely to be 400 – 500 years old.

When I visited the Linden tree for the first time, the owner of a local bar told me that the land where it stands is privately-owned, but the tree plays an important social role in the everyday life in Sambeek. It is shared by people for years and years.

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# Map of Gemeente Sambeek, 1865
The greened area is current division, which incorporated into Gemeente Boxmeer


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Looking for a rainbow
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16, May 2014

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15, May 2014

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3, May 2014

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1, May 2014

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Expedition#2
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25, Apr 2014

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22, Apr 2014

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20 Apr 2014

Added "T" on Jenny Holzer
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MYTH TODAY

"What is a myth, today? I shall give at the outset a first, very simple answer, which is perfectly consistent with etymology: myth is a type of speech."
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"A tree is a tree. Yes, of course. But a tree as expressed by Minou Drouet is no longer quite a tree, it is a tree which is decorated, adapted to a certain type of consumption, laden with literary self-indulgence, revolt, images, in short with a type of social usage which is added to pure matter."
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# 'Mythologies' Roland Barthes, Translated from the French Mythologies (c) 1957 by Editions du Seuil, Paris, Translation (c) 1972 by Jonathan Cape Ltd.
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19, Apr 2014

Budding grass
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Expedition#1
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15, Apr 2014

Budding
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14, Apr 2014

Video Interview / Wereldboom
Interviewer : Krimo Benlaloua

Part 1
- Frame
- Preservation
- Social function
- Rain in April
- Future plan

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Part2

- Future plan
- Roman roads
- Age of the linden tree
- Community

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Part 3

- Stichting Wereldboom

- Monumental tree and world tree

- Community

- Role in the ecosystem

- Anne Frank tree

interviewee : Willy Detiger
http://wereldboom.org

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14, Apr 2014

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12, Apr 2014

Mowing and sowing
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7, Apr 2014

With Willy Detiger
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7, Apr 2014

Mowing again
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# 'BONSAIBOEK' 1982

Cover picture, Bonsai of a pine tree.

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Fragments of Druidic mythology

"In years long gone, too many for the almanac to tell of, or for clocks and watches to measure, millions of good fairies came down from the sun and went into the earth.
There, they changed themselves into roots and leaves, and became trees.
There were many kinds of these, as they covered the earth, but the pine and birch, ash and oak, were the chief ones that made Holland. The fairies that lived in the trees bore the name of Moss Maidens, or Tree "Trintjes," which is the Dutch pet name for Kate, or Katharine." #
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In the Dutch folk tale the tree fairies breathe a carpenter to make wooden shoe and piling wood into the ground as upside down for making the ground stable. The carpenter's name is "Eyck", a Dutch name which origin Germanic surname "Eiche" meaning "Oak". Oak trees are sacred trees in Germanic mythology. The story tells the agricultural development and the ancient landscape of The Netherlands / Holland as well as the influence of druidic mythology. The etymology of the Holland is "Holt - Land" meaning "wooded land". so one day it was covered with many trees.
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Majority of Japanese family names derive from toponyms, and many of them relate to nature elements and landscape. For example, my name "Matsumoto" meaning in Chinese letters is "Pine Root" or "Pine Book", and it is an old city name in the middle of Japan as well. It is a quite common name, and it spread all over the land. The Pine tree is
one of the oldest species of trees in Japan, therefore it is multipurpose uses: as structural material for buildings, as food (pine nut), as symbol for rituals. In rituals it is a symbol of perpetual youth and longevity because it is an evergreen plant, like the Christmas tree in western society.
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# 'Dutch Fairy Tales for Young Folks' 1918, William Elliot Griffis
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5, Apr 2014

Mowing
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24, Mar 2014

Growing
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17, Mar 2014

Moving to studio
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Courtyard at VORT
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14-16 Mar 2014

Presentation at VORT, "And There Is"

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7, Mar 2014

Making
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26 Fev 2014

New growth from dead leaves
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Mushrooms in the hollow

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8, Jan 2014

Tower, Sambeek
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13, Dec 2013

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Falling leaves
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17, Nov 2013

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Observation and imagination in Folk Tales

Folk tales told by storytellers often finish their story with a sentence "Well, we've come to the end of the story, I cannot tell a lie any more." One of the differences between myth and folklore is that the former is supposed to be truth for holy faith with ritual; the latter is premised on fiction, fun to tell it children to lead them to fantasy.
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In the beginning folk tales was an observation of reality. Ancient people made stories from what they saw in their everyday life. With the interaction between imagination and observation created these stories. For example, in the ancient time there was no scientific knowledge about how babies were coming, they did not know the biological mechanism of man and woman. Then, it was common thought at that time that only woman were able to make babies without the presence of a man.# Therefore when people had the wish to have a baby they used the ritual of eating fruits and seeds because through an idea by their observation of nature, the growing of the vegetables, fruits and trees. This visual transformation from seeds to getting ripe gave them the idea that plants have the magical power for making babies. Therefore many folklore stories from all over the world have the stories of pregnancy by eating fruits and vegetables. Russian and Ukrainian stories have the story of eating pea for pregnancy, Siberian has the story of apple, and much more: eating a coconut from Malayan, biting the gum tree from Colombian, banana from Hawaiian, flower from Chinese, red berry from East Indian and peach from Japan…
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A reality for the ancient people with association of what they see and what they feel. Going with the flow of the time, the stories get more complicated, combination with mystic words or making a doll out of clay then the doll is becoming a baby. Russian formalist scholar, Vladimir Propp says in his book that the stories related to vigor of plants are one of the oldest groups of items in folklores. For example, drinking water for pregnancy is also associated the growing of plants. They watched and knew the water endow with life to plants: renew life of plants, make the plants blooming and grow the green field.
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I am fascinated with these stories as a collaboration of observations (toward to reality) and imaginations, which their experience is embedded in the stories.

# 'Theory and History of Folklore' 1984, Vladimir Propp
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11, Nov 2013

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10, Nov 2013 / papier-mache, nopic
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15, Oct 2013 / papier-mache, nopic
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24, Oct 2013 / papier-mache, nopic
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23, Oct 2013

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21, Oct 2013 / papier-mache, nopic
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20, Oct 2013 / papier-mache, nopic
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18, Oct 2013

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Papier-mache

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17, Oct 2013

Tower, Sambeek
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16, Oct 2013
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13, Oct 2013

Interview, Adriaan Stevens, the owner of the Linden
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11, Oct 2013 / papier-mache, nopic
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9, Oct 2013

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8, Oct 2013

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Fruit

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13, Jul

Green became deeper
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# Hans Haacke, p138
"Land and Environmental Art" 1998, PHAIDON

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20, Jun 2013

Multiple, hand-made paper
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11th, Jun
To get leaves for making paper
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20, May 2013

'Maria van de Heilige Eik' in Oirschot, Oostelbeers
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15, May 2013

Blue ink again
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9th, May 2013
Rubbing, blue ink on textile
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23th, April 2013
Rubbing, on Chinese long paper
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17, Apr 2013

It took 20 minutes from Nijmegen to Boxmeer by local train. The train come every 30 minutes. At the Boxmeer railway station we asked to the bus driver if he goes to Sambeek. His direction was not to Sambeek, but according to him it was very easy to go there by foot.
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After around 30 minutes walking, we could see a tall old tower which was under refit. A person who was at a small information office said "Keep walking then will see the tree next of street" 5 minutes walking after the office, I saw a tall tree above houses and thought it must be the linden tree. The tree was on an open patch between an agricultural farm and a roadway.
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There was no leaves at this moment. The big trunk is intricately curving and divided some parts. Approx. two, three centimeter metal sticks are supporting in patches as beams to keep the shape together. There was a small sign about the back ground of the Linden tree. The weather was dry, little bit windy but pleasant day. "What are you doing?" a man asked my friend and me in Dutch. In the small talk, the man told us that he is coming from the farm next of the tree, and his father have climbed the tree when the father was young and inscribed his name on a tree somewhere.
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On the way back we went to the local bar in front of the church of Sambeek. The lady from the bar told us that the tree is private-owned by a farmer family next of the tree, but it is very important for the community of Sambeek as well.
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4, Jan 2013

Video Interview: Marijke Lukács-Graus

- Legendary stories of tree
- Roots of the stories
- Pilgrimage
- Catholicism and Protestantism

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Trees are one of the universal subject, because of it is so fundamental elements in the ancient environment, so at the beginning of cultural formation of human beings had to confront with nature elements and gave the roles and the meanings on the elements in nature for making understanding and constructing systems to live. Therefore many cultures have symbolized tree stories in their mythologies.
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